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List of abbreviations 
Abbreviation of references
  • JB Anual Report
  • ZF Zoo Guide
  • TB Inventory List
  • ZB Studbook
  • IZY International Zoo Yearbook
Abbreviation of taxonomic specialist literature
  • HBW HANDBOOK OF THE BIRDS OF THE WORLD
  • HMW HANDBOOK OF THE MAMMALS OF THE WORLD
  • MSW MAMMAL SPECIES OF THE WORLD (Wilson & Reeder)
Source abbreviation of magazines
AvM The Avicultural Magazine
Bo Bongo, Annual report of Berlin (Zoo)
Mi Milu, scientific magazine of Berlin (Tierpark Friedrichfelde)
RZG Ruhr-Zoo Gelsenkirchen, Annual report of Gelsenkirchen (Ruhrzoo -geschlossen)
Ja Jambo!, the magazine of Hannover (Zoo)

Abbreviation of zooinfos
cf. „confer“ für „vergleiche“ Zugehörigkeit zur Gattung sicher, nicht aber die Art bzw. Unterart (evtl. noch unbeschrieben)
EAZA European Association of Zoos and Aquaria
EEP European Conservation Program
einschl. inclusive
ESB European studbook
Ex. specimen
Ex situ used for: outside natural habitat
In situ used for: inside natural habitat
ISB International Studbook
mind. at least
NARC in VAE National Avian Research Center in the United Arabian Emirates
sp. spec. Species
ssp. Subspecies
Syn. Synonyme
UA Subspecies
Verbr. range
0,1 short for female
1,0 short for male
1,1 short for pair
0,0,1 short for not known gender

Abbreviation of species infos
Fam. Family (as taxonomic term)
juv. juvenile
m metre
max. maximal
N- North-
NO- Northeast-
NW- Northwest-
O- East-
Ord. order (as taxonomic term)
subtrop. subtropical
S- South-
SO- Southeast-
SW- Southwest-
trop. tropical
W- west-
Z- central-
östl. eastern
nördl. northern
südl. southern
ü.NN Height above sea level
westl. western

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